Soul Perceptions and Sublimation in Ibn Arabi and Frankle’s Opinions
Mohyeddin Ibn Arabi is one of the theoretical mysticism founders and the well-known mystic of Andalusia and Victor Frankle is a famous existential psychologist from Vienna. This research with the purpose of comparing Ibn Arabi and Frankle’s opinions and a descriptive-comparative method, intends to show the role of perception in human soul sublimation from the viewpoint of these two scholars. The results following the comparison of their way of thinking are as follows: According to the conduct of Ibn Arabi’s opinion that is interest, discovery and intuition, the human nature being unique embraces comprehensive reality that in his evolutional nature is continuously in the process of being new so that it can exit dispersion and plurality and reach the state of gathering and unity. He thinks that soul has two creative and material dimensions. The creative dimension is related to parts and senses and powers of body and the material dimension is united with the matter universe. Self’s perception in the creative dimension is the most important instruments for human sublimation and transcendence. Frankle with his meaning- therapy method considers conscience perception as the most honest prophet and sublimation guide for human and thinks that the reason for human internal sublimation is the awareness of conscience. Regarding this point, both scholars have considered the way for human sublimation through internal perceptions and human awareness about him. Therefore, Ibn Arabi considers the origin and destination of these perceptions as a connected soul to absolute reality while Frankle considers the human conscience as the base of human perceptions.
Keywords: “Human being”, “perception”, “soul”, “Ibn Arabi”, “Frankle .